中國日報:政策發力,確保經濟平穩運行

2022-03-11

Policies must keep economy steady 

  The role of macroeconomic policies must be brought into full play to keep the economy on a steady course, with efforts to boost smaller businesses and shore up weak links to improve the quality of growth, a political advisor said. 

  Hu Xiaolian, chairwoman of the Export-Import Bank of China and also a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, expects that more policies will be rolled out in key areas to ensure stable growth, a priority of China's economic agenda this year. 

  "As a CPPCC member who serves on the Committee on Economic Affairs and works in the financial sector, I expect this year's macroeconomic policies to work in a way that helps to improve China's economic structure, address risks and deepen reforms, as this will be crucial for maintaining stability while pursuing growth, the overarching goal set for 2022 at the Central Economic Work Conference," Hu said in an exclusive interview with China Daily before the kickoff of the two sessions, the annual sittings of China's national legislature and the top political advisory body. 

  She underscored the importance to front-load macroeconomic policies in a forward looking manner to maximize their effect in maintaining stability, spurring growth and tackling downward pressure. 

  In particular, monetary policies should be kept stable overall with enhanced predictability, and be flexible and appropriate to keep liquidity reasonably ample. 

  "Policy making will be a delicate balancing act. On the one hand, policy makers need to take care of the weak market demand with regard to small and medium-sized enterprises, or SMEs, and fixed asset investment. On the other, they must keep an eye on CPI, the inflationary expectation," said Hu, also a former vice-governor of People's Bank of China, China's central bank. 

  "More emphasis is needed on boosting the confidence of market players and anchoring expectations across society." 

  The central government has introduced forceful measures to meet the needs of micro, small and medium-sized businesses for financing, particularly over the past weeks and months, when the economy is faced with three-fold pressure of contracting demand, a supply slump and weakening market expectations, which weighs on small businesses' recovery. 

  A decision made on Monday at the 24th meeting of the central committee for deepening overall reform of the Communist Party of China Central Committee gives the market a much expected shot in the arm. 

  It confirmed further efforts to promote financial inclusion and build a sound financial system that is highly adaptable, competitive and inclusive, to better meet diverse financial needs of the people and the real economy. 

  The most recent State Council's executive meeting on Feb 15 also urged an increased amount of incentive funding from the PBOC to step up inclusive lending to micro and small businesses, and enable a steady fall in their overall financing costs. 

  In the interview with China Daily, Hu said that to ensure steady growth, a key step would be optimizing the economic structure. While money supply and aggregate financing shall be basically in step with nominal GDP growth, additional support shall be extended to micro and small businesses, sci-tech innovation and green development. 

  "Only through shoring up these weak links will we be able to secure a balanced and resilient economy," she said. 

  Noting that China is to tackle emerging challenges and risks in both immediate and long terms, and that international market volatility might aggravate the disruptive impact of risks, Hu said efforts in forestalling and fending off risks remain crucial to ensure stability. 

  "It is important to always remain on high alert and well-prepared for risks that come our way. We should bear in mind that risk prevention and mitigation is vital to development and security, and get a head start," she noted. 

    

政策發力,確保經濟平穩運行 

  全國政協常委、中國進出口銀行董事長胡曉煉在兩會開幕前接受了中國日報專訪。她表示,要充分發揮宏觀經濟政策有效保穩的作用,支持中小企業發展,以補短板促進經濟高質量發展,期待出臺更多關鍵領域穩增長政策。 

  胡曉煉表示,作為來自經濟界別、從事金融工作的委員,她認為要做好宏觀政策有效保穩、經濟結構優化有力促穩、防范化解風險全力維穩、深化改革發力助穩,落實好中央經濟工作會議提出的“穩字當頭、穩中求進”總要求。 

  胡曉煉強調,宏觀經濟政策要靠前發力,實施好逆周期調節和前瞻性調控,最大限度發揮政策在保穩、刺激增長和應對經濟下行壓力方面的作用。貨幣政策要保持基本穩定,提高可預測性,保持流動性合理充裕,靈活適度、張弛有度。要重視中小企業市場需求預期和固定資產投資預期偏冷、居民物價上漲預期偏熱這一冷一熱問題,更加注重穩定市場主體信心,引導社會心理預期。 

  一段時期以來,特別是近期經濟面臨需求收縮、供給沖擊、預期轉弱三重壓力,中小微企業復蘇受到影響,中央已出臺一系列強有力措施,更好滿足中小微企業的融資需求。 

  中央全面深化改革委員會第二十四次會議決定推進普惠金融高質量發展,健全具有高度適應性、競爭力、普惠性的現代金融體系,更好滿足人民群眾和實體經濟多樣化的金融需求,這一決定極大提振了市場信心。215日召開的國務院常務會議也指出,人民銀行要提供激勵資金支持增加普惠小微貸款,促進企業綜合融資成本穩中有降。 

  在采訪中,胡曉煉表示,要支持經濟結構優化有力促穩,保持貨幣供應量和社會融資規模增速同名義經濟增速基本匹配,加大對實體經濟特別是小微企業、科技創新、綠色發展的支持,以補短板增強經濟增長的協調性和韌性。 

  胡曉煉指出,當前和今后一個時期,我國仍處于各類矛盾和風險的易發高發期,國際市場動蕩會加劇風險的破壞性,必須居安思危、未雨綢繆,把防范化解風險作為事關發展和安全大局的任務來抓,下好“先手棋”。  

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